But before you get to the steps, take a look at the information below to know what RMM KG state actually is, how it affects the OEM unlock option, and how to turn it on again. After the stated period a query is sent to Samsung, and if the phone is clean, the state will turn back to normal. The toggle is disabled to prevent flashing of any custom binaries like firmware, custom recoveries like TWRP, root packages, etc.
Please make sure that you go through his comment and let us know if it works for you. Thanks Bill! One of our readers — Sean Robertson has confirmed that this method works. According to one of our our readers PADDYflashing a compatible combination firmware on your device, then factory resetting it, and flashing the stock firmware again could allow you enable the OEM Unlock toggle.
He has tested this twice on his Galaxy Note 9. Make sure to go through his comment. The method below has stopped working on the newer firmware released in or after August In most situations, your device will be forcibly locked and the OEM Unlock toggle will be missing.
However, before flashing, make sure to read our article on how to Prevent Prenormal RMM State and avoid your device from being locked again. If it works, make sure to let us know so that we can add the device to the list. So there you go! If you have any questions, please let us know through the comments. I am an Android aficionado with 9 years of experience in Android software modding and customization.
You would find me spending most of my prime time fiddling around with my Android phone's software and writing articles on The Custom Droid. Recently I have also found my interest in gaming PCs and building them. Hi Gabriel. Please give a try to an alter method suggested by one of our valuable readers here.
This should probably help you get back the OEM toggle. I just got this to work with my T! It was running the stock pie that I had reflashed. I had tripped the Knox guard before I knew it existed while updating the bootloader for a tweaked stock rom.
My process was basically just the same as the article above, with some minor changes. There was no manual setting in my options.Use these charts to quickly look up common weight conversions for kilograms to stone and pounds.
An infographic chart is further down the page 60kg to kg. A graphic chart for kilograms to stone and pounds is available below. Thank you. Disclaimer: Whilst every effort has been made in building this calculator, we are not to be held liable for any damages or monetary losses arising out of or in connection with the use of it.
This tool is here purely as a service to you, please use it at your own risk.RMM/KG STATE : PRENORMAL FIX 2019 - HIDDEN OEM UNLOCK ENABLE
Full disclaimer. Do not use calculations for anything where loss of life, money, property, etc could result from inaccurate calculations. To carry out any conversions involving other weight units, give the weight converter a try. If you have any suggestions for this weight conversion chart, please contact me. How Many Cubic Feet is my Refrigerator? How Big Is A Hectare? Days Between Dates Days Until Kilograms to Stone and Pounds Chart Use these charts to quickly look up common weight conversions for kilograms to stone and pounds.
Like this? Note: conversions are rounded to 1 decimal place.It was the chief government agency of "union-republican jurisdiction", carrying out internal securityintelligence and secret-police functions. Similar agencies operated in each of the republics of the Soviet Union aside from Russian SFSRwith many associated ministries, state committees and state commissions.
The agency was a military service governed by army laws and regulations, in the same fashion as the Soviet Army or the MVD Internal Troops. While most of the KGB archives remain classified, two online documentary sources are available. After breaking away from Georgia in the early s with Russian help, the self-proclaimed Republic of South Ossetia established its own KGB keeping this unreformed name.
A Time magazine article in reported that the KGB was the world's most effective information-gathering organization. At best, the compromised spy was either returned to the Soviet Union or was declared persona non grata and expelled by the government of the target country. The illegal resident spied, unprotected by diplomatic immunity, and worked independently of Soviet diplomatic and trade missions, cf.
In its early history, the KGB valued illegal spies more than legal spies, because illegal spies infiltrated their targets with greater ease. The KGB classified its spies as agents intelligence providers and controllers intelligence relayers.
The false-identity or legend assumed by a USSR-born illegal spy was elaborate, using the life of either a "live double" participant to the fabrications or a "dead double" whose identity is tailored to the spy. The agent then substantiated his or her legend by living it in a foreign country, before emigrating to the target country, thus the sending of US-bound illegal residents via the Soviet embassy in OttawaCanada.
Physics question anyone?
Tradecraft included stealing and photographing documents, code-names, contacts, targets, and dead letter boxesand working as a "friend of the cause" or as agents provocateurswho would infiltrate the target group to sow dissension, influence policy, and arrange kidnappings and assassinations. Soviet espionage was at its most successful in collecting scientific and technological intelligence about advances in jet propulsionradar and encryptionwhich impressed Moscow, but stealing atomic secrets was the capstone of NKVD espionage against Anglo—American science and technology.
Recruitment then emphasised mercenary agents, an approach especially successful [ citation needed ] [ quantify ] in scientific and technical espionage, since private industry practised lax internal security, unlike the US Government.
It was Cold War policy for the KGB of the Soviet Union and the secret services of the satellite states to extensively monitor public and private opinion, internal subversion and possible revolutionary plots in the Soviet Bloc. During the Hungarian revolt, KGB chairman Ivan Serov personally supervised the post-invasion "normalization" of the country. In consequence, KGB monitored the satellite state populations for occurrences of "harmful attitudes" and "hostile acts"; yet, stopping the Prague Spring, deposing a nationalist Communist government, was its greatest achievement.
They were to plant subversive evidence, justifying the USSR's invasion, that right-wing groups—aided by Western intelligence agencies—were going to depose the Communist government of Czechoslovakia. The KGB's Czech success in the s was matched with the failed suppression of the Solidarity labour movement in s Poland.
Wojciech Jaruzelski and the Polish Communist Party;  however, the vacillating, conciliatory Polish approach blunted KGB effectiveness—and Solidarity then fatally weakened the Communist Polish government in During the Cold War, the KGB actively sought to combat "ideological subversion" — anti-communist political and religious ideas and the dissidents who promoted them — which was generally dealt with as a matter of national security in discouraging influence of hostile foreign powers.
After denouncing Stalinism in his secret speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences inhead of state Nikita Khrushchev lessened suppression of "ideological subversion". After Khrushchev's deposition inLeonid Brezhnev reverted the State and KGB to actively harsh suppression; house searches to seize documents and the continual monitoring of dissidents became routine again. To wit, insuch a search-and-seizure operation yielded Solzhenitsyn manuscripts of "slanderous fabrications", and the subversion trial of the novelists Andrei Sinyavsky and Yuli Daniel ; Sinyavsky alias "Abram Tertz"and Daniel alias "Nikolai Arzhak"were captured after a Moscow literary-world informant told KGB when to find them at home.
KGB dissident-group infiltration featured agents provocateurs pretending "sympathy to the cause", smear campaigns against prominent dissidents, and show trials ; once imprisoned, the dissident endured KGB interrogators and sympathetic informant cell-mates. In the event, Mikhail Gorbachev 's glasnost policies lessened persecution of dissidents; he was effecting some of the policy changes they had been demanding since the s.
According to declassified documents, the KGB aggressively recruited former Nazi intelligence officers after the war.
In the s, acting upon the information of KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsynthe CIA counter-intelligence chief James Jesus Angleton believed KGB had moles in two key places—the counter-intelligence section of CIA and the FBI's counter-intelligence department—through whom they would know of, and control, US counter-espionage to protect the moles and hamper the detection and capture of other Communist spies.
Moreover, KGB counter-intelligence vetted foreign intelligence sources, so that the moles might "officially" approve an anti-CIA double agent as trustworthy.Established inthe KGB was the most durable of a series of security agencies starting with the Chekawhich was established in December in the first days of the Bolshevik government.
The Cheka played a prominent role in the Russian Civil War —20 and aided in crushing the anti-Soviet Kronshtadt and Antonov rebellions in When Soviet archives were opened in the s, it was learned that the Cheka, which in had a staff of more thanwas responsible for the execution of more thanpeople. More thanpeople were executed in —38 alone, including tens of thousands of party officials and military and security officers. Beria, as a member of the ruling Central Committee, continued to supervise the two ministries while serving as head of the MVD.
The MGB, directed by V. During the war, the MGB conducted espionage and counterespionage operations, administered prisoner-of-war camps, and ensured the loyalty of the officer corps. It also supervised the deportation to Siberia and Central Asia of groups suspected of disloyalty, including more than one million Volga Germans, Crimean Tatars, Kalmyks, Chechen-Ingush, and other people of the Caucasus.
After the war, the MGB helped to crush all opposition, whether real or suspected, in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union; between and more thanSoviet citizens were arrested and punished for political crimes. Information uncovered in the s indicated that by some 2, Soviet citizens were in jail or in forced-labour camps, and approximately the same number were in internal exile. Declassified Russian and American documents indicate that the Soviet Union had placed at least five agents in the U.
The British diplomatic and security establishments also had been infiltrated by important agents, including Kim Philbya senior British intelligence officer. Evidence suggests that Soviet agents in Britain passed 15, to 20, documents to Moscow between and British and American agents of Soviet intelligence were for the most part ideological supporters of the regime, and many were members of communist parties. Before the end of summer, the post-Stalinist leadership under Nikita Khrushchev turned against the power-hungry Beria, and he was deposed and executed.
A series of trials and executions continuing into eliminated a number of his senior associates. The MVD was gradually dismantled and finally abolished in Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.But before you get to the steps, take a look at the information below to know what RMM KG state actually is, how it affects the OEM unlock option, and how to turn it on again.
After the stated period a query is sent to Samsung, and if the phone is clean, the state will turn back to normal. The toggle is disabled to prevent flashing of any custom binaries like firmware, custom recoveries like TWRP, root packages, etc. Please make sure that you go through his comment and let us know if it works for you.
Thanks Bill! One of our readers — Sean Robertson has confirmed that this method works. According to one of our our readers PADDYflashing a compatible combination firmware on your device, then factory resetting it, and flashing the stock firmware again could allow you enable the OEM Unlock toggle.
He has tested this twice on his Galaxy Note 9. Make sure to go through his comment. The method below has stopped working on the newer firmware released in or after August In most situations, your device will be forcibly locked and the OEM Unlock toggle will be missing. However, before flashing, make sure to read our article on how to Prevent Prenormal RMM State and avoid your device from being locked again.
Fix Missing OEM Unlock Toggle on Samsung Galaxy Devices (Guide)
If it works, make sure to let us know so that we can add the device to the list. So there you go! If you have any questions, please let us know through the comments.
I am an Android aficionado with 9 years of experience in Android software modding and customization. You would find me spending most of my prime time fiddling around with my Android phone's software and writing articles on The Custom Droid. Recently I have also found my interest in gaming PCs and building them. Things are in slightly-different places in Android 10 but got all the way to the last step.
Hi Hafizullah.In pharmacologythe volume of distribution V Dalso known as apparent volume of distributionliterally, volume of dilution  is the theoretical volume that would be necessary to contain the total amount of an administered drug at the same concentration that it is observed in the blood plasma. The V D of a drug represents the degree to which a drug is distributed in body tissue rather than the plasma. V D is directly correlated with the amount of drug distributed into tissue; a higher V D indicates a greater amount of tissue distribution.
A V D greater than the total volume of body water approximately 42 liters in humans  is possible, and would indicate that the drug is highly distributed into tissue. In other words, the volume of distribution is smaller in the drug staying in the plasma than that of a drug that is widely distributed in tissues.
In rough terms, drugs with a high lipid solubility non-polar drugslow rates of ionization, or low plasma protein binding capabilities have higher volumes of distribution than drugs which are more polar, more highly ionized or exhibit high plasma protein binding in the body's environment. Volume of distribution may be increased by kidney failure due to fluid retention and liver failure due to altered body fluid and plasma protein binding.
Conversely it may be decreased in dehydration. The initial volume of distribution describes blood concentrations prior to attaining the apparent volume of distribution and uses the same formula. Therefore, the dose required to give a certain plasma concentration can be determined if the V D for that drug is known.
The V D is not a physiologic value; it is more a reflection of how a drug will distribute throughout the body depending on several physicochemical properties, e. The unit for Volume of Distribution is typically reported in liters. As body composition changes with age, V D decreases. The V D may also be used to determine how readily a drug will displace into the body tissue compartments relative to the blood:.
Mathematically this would be:. But this is generally not what happens. So probably the first question you want to ask is: how much of the drug is no longer in the blood stream? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Measuring the relative affinity of a drug between blood constituents and tissue constituents. Further information: Distribution pharmacology. Main article: Table of volume of distribution for drugs. Avery's Diseases of the Newborn.
Retrieved 19 April Smith's Anesthesia for Infants and Children. Textbook of Pediatric Rheumatology. Molecular Biology of the Cell. NCBI Bookshelf. Retrieved Textbook of Medical Physiology 5th ed. Philadelphia: W. Br J Clin Pharmacol. Cambridge MedChem Consulting. Antagonist Competitive antagonist Irreversible antagonist Physiological antagonist Inverse agonist Enzyme inhibitor. Drug Neurotransmitter Agonist-antagonist Pharmacophore.The kilogram also kilogramme is the base unit of mass in the metric systemformally the International System of Units SIhaving the unit symbol kg.
It is a widely used measure in science, engineering, and commerce worldwide, and is often simply called a kilo in everyday speech. The kilogram was originally defined in as the mass of one litre of water. This was a simple definition, but difficult to use in practice. By the latest definitions of the unit, however, this relationship still has an accuracy of 30 ppm.
Inthe platinum Kilogramme des Archives replaced it as the standard of mass. Ina cylinder of platinum-iridiumthe International Prototype of the Kilogram IPK became the standard of the unit of mass for the metric system, and remained so until The kilogram is now defined in terms of the second and the metre, based on fixed fundamental constants of nature.
The formal definition is:. This definition makes the kilogram consistent with the older definitions: the mass remains within 30 ppm of the mass of one litre of water.
Volume of distribution
The kilogram is the only base SI unit with an SI prefix kilo as part of its name. The French spelling was adopted in Great Britain when the word was used for the first time in English in  with the spelling kilogram being adopted in the United States. In the United Kingdom both spellings are used, with "kilogram" having become by far the more common.
In the 19th century the French word kiloa shortening of kilogrammewas imported into the English language where it has been used to mean both kilogram  and kilometre.
During the 19th century, the standard system of metric units was the centimetre—gram—second system of unitstreating the gram as the fundamental unit of mass and the kilogram as a derived unit. Inhowever, following the discovery by James Clerk Maxwell that electric measurements could not be explained solely in terms of the three fundamental units of length, mass and time, Giovanni Giorgi proposed a new standard system that would include a fourth fundamental unit to measure quantities in electromagnetism.
This led to several competing efforts to develop measurement technology precise enough to warrant replacing the kilogram artefact with a definition based directly on physical fundamental constants. The new definition took effect on 20 May Prior to the redefinition, the kilogram and several other SI units based on the kilogram were defined by a man-made metal artefact: the Kilogramme des Archives from toand the International Prototype of the Kilogram from onward.
Inthe metrepreviously similarly having been defined with reference to a single platinum-iridium bar with two marks on it, was redefined in terms of an invariant physical constant the wavelength of a particular emission of light emitted by krypton and later the speed of light so that the standard can be independently reproduced in different laboratories by following a written specification.
In Octoberthe CIPM voted to submit a resolution for consideration at the General Conference on Weights and Measures CGPMto "take note of an intention" that the kilogram be defined in terms of the Planck constanth which has dimensions of energy times time together with other physical constants. The Kibble balance is one way to do this. As part of this project, a variety of very different technologies and approaches were considered and explored over many years.
Some of these approaches were based on equipment and procedures that would enable the reproducible production of new, kilogram-mass prototypes on demand albeit with extraordinary effort using measurement techniques and material properties that are ultimately based on, or traceable to, physical constants.
Others were based on devices that measured either the acceleration or weight of hand-tuned kilogram test masses and which expressed their magnitudes in electrical terms via special components that permit traceability to physical constants. All approaches depend on converting a weight measurement to a mass, and therefore require the precise measurement of the strength of gravity in laboratories. All approaches would have precisely fixed one or more constants of nature at a defined value.